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IoT on the Road

IoT Is Helping Make Our Roads Much Safer


Every year the transportation industry is associated with high maintenance costs, disasters, accidents, injuries, and loss of life. Hundreds of thousands of people across the world are losing their lives to car accidents and road disasters annually. 

The related costs then include medical expenses, wage, and productivity losses, and property damage. Then there is a cost implication for general maintenance and repairs costs of the road and highway systems, which earmark billions of dollars of public funds every year — and are still underfunded.

However, with the Internet of Things currently taking the world by storm, we can hope that it can help be a solution to road issues everywhere.

 

Benefits of IoT On The Road

With the right implementation of IoT technology, we can mitigate risks, prevent damage and reduce costs. The deployment of smart, connected sensors, combined with machine-learning-powered analytics tools, can enable us to gather information, make predictions and reach decisions that will make our roads safer.

 

Improving Driver Behavior

Inadequate human behavior continues to be the main contributing factor to road fatalities. Reckless driving, distracted driving, DUI, speeding, and other bad habits increase the likelihood of road accidents.

In every country, there are rules and regulations that enforce safe driving. But while rules are rather reactive in nature and force drivers to drive safely to avoid punishment, IoT can play a more proactive role in helping drivers adopt safe habits.

Telematics companies are using IoT to help fleet management companies significantly reduce accidents by firstly using data collection. Telematics can give insight into an infinite number of things about the vehicle and what the driver is doing.

Telematics can measure the driver’s actions such as speeding, seatbelt usage, sharp cornering, or over-acceleration. This helps them in promoting and incentivizing safe driving by using a number of measures, such as score carding, which rates drivers based on their driving data.

 

Disaster Prevention

Predicting upcoming obstructions on bridges, roads, and motorways of a country in a timely fashion is not always possible. Often the mismanagement of transportation infrastructure leads to collapsed bridges, potholes in roads, unwanted congestion, and fatalities.

IoT can help remedy the situation. IoT sensors and smart cement (cement equipped with sensors) can monitor the structural status of roads and bridges under dynamic conditions and alert us about deficiencies before they turn into catastrophes.

Phillip A. Laplante, author of “‘Smarter’ Roads and Highways” discussed  the benefits of IoT-enabled roads, security and privacy concerns, and technical standards that could ensure interoperability  in The IEEE Internet of Things Magazine:

“IoT-enabled traffic-monitoring system uses a combination of vehicle-to-vehicle, vehicle-to-infrastructure, and infrastructure-to-infrastructure communication systems and analytics to manage traffic situations,” Laplante says. “They’ll be able to interoperate with other systems such as drones and traffic-awareness services, like Waze.”

 

Traffic Avoidance

Traffic control and keeping roads clear can help immensely in reducing accidents and incidents that occur because of poor road and weather conditions. Driving safety, in particular, is dependent on being able to monitor road surfaces and identify road hazards.

IoT road sensors can provide real-time data from roads to help divert the flow of traffic away from areas of hazard. Road sensors are aiming to be a crucial development that will take place in the world of transportation with the introduction of the Internet of Things technology. IoT road sensors can be easily embedded under the roads so that they can effectively measure the changes in temperature, traffic volume, and humidity, among other weather and traffic constraints.

The data collected by the sensors is gathered in servers, where it is analyzed to provide concerned authorities with real-time information about traffic and road conditions in the IoT-equipped regions. The gleaned insights can help in a number of scenarios, including optimizing the use of limited maintenance resources and equipment, as well as predicting and alerting about possible hazards and accidents that may take place because of poor road and weather conditions.

 

Driving Forward

IoT is already helping make our roads much safer. But this is just the beginning. The true power of IoT in ensuring safe driving continues to be unleashed as cars move toward becoming fully autonomous and start interacting with their environment and making decisions on their own.

If you want to learn more about IoT on the Road, you can speak to one of the team members at Davra to explain how IoT technology can benefit your drivers and help you contribute to road safety. Click here to contact Davra today!

 

Author

Brian McGlynn, Davra, COO

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